2. Although it is exaggeration, it laid the seeds for Indian nationalism. This affected all the sectors of the Indian society. The policy of annexation reached its climax when he implemented the policy of Doctrine […] You can specify conditions of storing and accessing cookies in your browser, WHAT ARE THE ECONOMIC CAUSES OF THE REVOLT OF 1857, St Tampa thi tutak mein teen antar spasht karo​, what is the role of mass communications in India​, 30. While the war of 1857 was a reaction of different sections of Indian society against policies of the British which included various aspects viz. Ever since the grant of Diwani was made to the British in 1765, land revenue became an issue of much burden. This hurt all sections of society. Historians have identified diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 . Watch all CBSE Class 5 to 12 Video Lectures here. Find an answer to your question Do you think revolt of 1857 was the first expression of dissatisfaction among the Indians. Add your answer and earn points. There were political, economic, social, religious and military causes of the revolt. • Dr S.N. Page-58-The Causes of the Indian Revolt-Syed Ahmad Khan Bahadur-First Published-1873-Reprinted by The Book House-8,Trust Building-Urdu Bazar-P.O Box No-734-Lahore-1950. On 9th May 1857, on the parade ground of Meerut, 85 Indian troopers were court martialled. After this revolt the rule of the East India Company ended in India. Political Causes: Lord Dalhousie was the Governor-General of India till 1848-1856. Treatment meted out to Nana Saheb 4. Perhaps the most important cause of the people’s discontent was the economic exploitation of the country by the British and the complete destruction of its traditional economic fabric. The causes for the revolt of 1857 can categorized under:- Economic Causes Political Causes Social Religion Military Immediate causes. The direct cause was a change in the use of the weapons Britain provided to Indian sepoys, basically soldiers fighting for the British. There are many cause for this Politically but Economically we can point out some cause like Doctrine of Laps many lost their kingdom, High Tax on petty kings imposed by East India Company not by their Emperor, Then a great disappointment of Indian Sepoy on East India Company administration who are not properly rewarded in salary and promotions … Subsidiary Alliance was a system devised by Lord Wellesley in 1798. Ans: Following are the major reasons to explain why the rebellious soldiers turned […] But it was not simply a revolt of sepoys. British Government had imposed ‘pocket area transformation’, that means, introduction of Permanent Settlement in Bengal, Mahalwari settlement in Central India, and Ryotwari settlement in southern India. A major cause of the outbreak of the revolt was the fear among the people that the British government was determined to destroy their religion and convert Indians to Christianity. Cloudflare Ray ID: 6066be249b3a300a The economic policies of British impoverished the countryside while creating a new class of moneylenders at the expense of traditional zamindars and peasants. Please enable Cookies and reload the page. It is considered as the country’s First War of Independence which was against the rule of the British.. People felt that the British policies were exploiting India as a country economically. The peasants suffered due to high revenue demands and the strict revenue collection policy. Ans: In 1857 a sepoy mutiny broke out in East India that became a mass uprising in many parts of the country. Economic Factors (Economic Causes of Revolt of 1857): This was a vital factor as it affected a large section of Indian society. This hurt all sections of society. British rule had adversely affected the interest of almost all sections of society and severely affected the way of life in India. There were political, economic, social, religious and military causes of the revolt. The revolt of 1857 is an important marker in Indian History, and is an area where questions have repeatedly featured in the Civil Services (Prelims) and Civil Services (Mains) Examinations conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). Treatment meted out to the Mughal Emperor by the British 3. I'd is DARK ANGLE . Dalhousie through his policies had added considerable territories to the British Empire in India. The Revolt of 1857 was a result of a number of political, social, economic and I military causes, mentioned as under: a) The political causes: The British rulers (Lord Weleseley and Dalhousie) annexed many territories on some pretext or the other. Published: October 17, 2011 The successive Governor generals appointed by the crown and based at Calcutta expanded the domains of British India over the period of time up the time of Lord Dalhousie, whose conquests against Punjab and Burma pushed the frontiers of the British India against Afghanistan and Burma. 6 ABOUT THE NEW CARTRIDGE The revolt of 1857 1. Political Causes: Lord Dalhousie was the Governor-General of India till 1848-1856. yet much less than a first war of Independence. Causes of the Revolt: Historians have identified diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857.. An uprising in several sepoy companies of the Bengal army was sparked by the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle in February 1857. Under him the British followed an expansionist policy in India. A powerful and popular revolt broke out in Northern and Central India in 1857. The Revolt of 1857 was much more than a mere product of sepoy It was, in reality, a product of the accumulated grievances of the people against the Company’s administration and … Causes of Revolt of 1857 The revolt of 1857 was initiated due to various factors which are stated below: Religious & Social Causes – racism or racial discrimination was believed to be a major reason for the revolt of 1857 wherein Indians were exploited and were kept away from mixing with Europeans. Title: THE REVOLT OF 1857 1 THE REVOLT OF 1857 2 THE GREAT REVOLT THE FIRST WAR OF INDEPENDENCE 3 (No Transcript) 4 Mangal Pandey 5 THE OUT BURST. The Company had faced rebellions in the past too, but not of this magnitude and extent. Historians have expressed divergent views about the nature of the revolt. The freedom of the Indian rulers was reduced and their armed forces were […] Here we outline the various political and economic factors that helped cause the revolt. But it was not simply a revolt of sepoys. The ‘Drain of Wealth’ impoverished peasants and they thus participated actively in the revolt of 1857. All those who entered into such an alliance with the British had to accept certain terms and conditions such as the rulers had to disband their military force, allow the British to position their troops within the kingdom, and act in accordance with the advice of the British Resident who was now to be attached to the court. (a) 323 ई.पू(b) 325 ई.पू. The immediate cause of the Indian Revolt of 1857, or Sepoy Mutiny, was a seemingly minor change in the weapons used by the British East India Company's troops. Here, we briefly outline the Military factors which helped cause the revolt. It began as a revolt of the sepoys of the Company’s army but eventually secured the participation of the masses. Dalhousie through his policies had added considerable territories to the British Empire in India. Heavy Taxation on artisans and handicrafts. A) Heavy taxation B) But down on major patronage for artisans and handicrafts C) increasing availability of market for Indian cotton. Abolition of Sati Pratha in 1829 by William Bantick and introduction of Widow Remarriage act in 1856 created suspicion in the minds of conservative Hindus that the British were trying to anglicise them. The main reason behind the Sepoy Rebellion of 1857 is actually multifaceted. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. Dec 10,2020 - economics causes of 1857 Related: Sepoy Mutiny - Revolt of 1857 in India - When People Rebel, CBSE Class 8 SST History | EduRev Class 8 Question is disucussed on EduRev Study Group by 173 Class 8 Students. Why did the mutinous sepoys in many places turn to erstwhile rulers to provide leadership to the revolt? The immediate cause of 1857 was provided by the revolt of soldiers. The increasing activities of the Christian missionaries and the actual conversions made by them were taken as a proof of this fear. • The Revolt of 1857, also regarded as India's First War of Independence is an extremely important event of Indian history. This led to extreme resentment among the successors of rulers who died without a natural heir. There were many political, military, religious, social and economic causes of the Indian rebellion of 1857. The revolt of 1857 was a product of the character and policies of rule. MEDIUM. Economic causes were among the major causes of this rebellion. An uprising in several sepoy companies of the Bengal army was sparked by the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle in February 1857. Revolt of 1857 Loss of Power for Nawabs: Since the mid-eighteenth century, the power of nawabs and rajas had been eroding. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. ADVERTISEMENTS: Causes of the Revolt: a. Causes of the Revolt of 1857: (a) Political Causes i. Doctrine of Lapse: Lord Dalhousie successfully annexed many Indian states to the English East India Company. Economic cause: The Great Revolt of 1857 was also an outburst of grievances due to the economic exploitation of the company. The Indian Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 is also known as the Great Revolt, Indian Rebellion, the Great Uprising and the Great Rebellion of 1857. The Revolt began with a mutiny of the sepoys, or the Indian soldiers of the Company’s army, but soon engulfed wide regions and people. A major cause of the outbreak of the revolt was the fear among the people that the British government was determined to destroy their religion and convert Indians to Christianity. But soon it became widespread and involved the masses. Their Crime -These troopers had refused to load their rifles with the new cartridges. (c) 326 ई.पू. Prior to the revolt of 1857, there were several rumours circulating in the society. Colonial policies destroyed the traditional economy of Indian society. The Revolt of 1857 The Revolt of 1857. The economic policies of British impoverished the countryside while creating a new class of moneylenders at the expense of traditional zamindars and peasants. Answer: Military Causes: The Indian sepoys in the British army moved a strong sense of resentment at the low scale of salary and poor prospects of promotion. 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