A wet pipe automatic fire sprinkler system comprises a series of individual components including; Pipe, Stop Valve, Alarm Valve, Fire Sprinkler (head), Alarm Test Valve and Motorised Alarm Bell (Gong). Contrary to popular belief, most fire sprinkler systems are only designed to control a fire to provide time for fire service personnel to respond to the event. Top Reasons To Use Fire Sprinkler Systems In Houston. These systems have a unique design that allows them to dispense the right amount of water and target it to the right location. This hot air rises and spreads along the ceiling. The fire sprinkler is installed in the ceilings or walls this is connected to a water distribution piping system. The most common type of fire sprinkler system due to its simplicity, reliability, and affordability, wet pipe systems maintain pressurized water in the pipes overhead at all times. Inside the sprinkler head is a small heat-sensitive plug. As the most specified non-metallic sprinkler system option in the world, it has been used in residential, commercial and industrial applications. If there’s a fire and the air temperature increases to between 57°C and 62°C, the circular plate over the nearest sprinkler head detaches and the sprinkler drops down. Fire sprinkler systems have strategically placed sprinkler heads with glass bulbs containing a glycerin-based liquid. Once the heat-sensitive sprinkler heads are triggered, water flows through the activated sprinkler to the direct source of the fire. See the difference between a standalone home fire sprinkler system and one that shares the same water distribution as residential plumbing. Automatic sprinkler systems are the first and most effective line of defense in any building that has them, reducing the death rate from fires by 87% and containing a fire to the room where it started 97% of the time. These laws for inspection and testing which were set forth by your local fire department and National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) exist to insure proper testing and maintenance will keep your fire sprinkler system in working order. There also is not any heat sensing activators in the fire sprinklers. A fire sprinkler system is an active type of fire protection system that discharges water in the event of a fire. These systems contain water under pressure that is released through the activation of a sprinkler head (a type of valve) to control or suppress the spread of fire. Sprinkler system risers are the pipes that connect the fire sprinkler system to the building’s water supply. To better understand how fire sprinkler systems work, here’s a brief overview of how each type functions: Wet Pipe Systems. The fire sprinkler automatically sprinkles water once it detects fire and heat. Home Fire Protection Plan A Guide On How Houston Fire Sprinkler Systems Work. The pipes remain filled with water. In a deluge system, all sprinkler heads are open but the piping is empty. How Do They Work. This means that there is not water present in the fire sprinkler pipes. The main riser will have water control valves that allow you to turn the water flow on and off. If the heat rises above 68-72°C then the sprinkler operates. The sprinklers work independently of each other and in most cases only one, at most two sprinklers are needed to stop the fire or control it until the fire department arrives. First things first, fire sprinklers are NOT triggered by smoke and do NOT all go off together despite what is shown in movies and TV advertising. HOW FIRE SPRINKLERS WORK Watch a short animated movie that explains the workings of home fire sprinklers and is downloadable for your own use. “A dry pipe sprinkler system is designed so that the piping itself is filled with pressurized air instead of water,” explains Ken Isman, vice president of engineering for the National Fire Sprinkler Association. Fire sprinkler systems need to be inspected at least once a year to ensure that they will work when there is a fire. If one sprinkler can’t control the fire, the next closest to it will open, and so on. Different studies have shown that chances of a well maintained sprinkler system failing is almost nil. That way, it’s always ready for immediate deployment as soon as a fire breaks out. Please contact a Lubrizol CPVC representative for more information. A fire sprinkler system is a simple, but key, active component of a domestic or commercial building’s fire protection system. 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