The child has sunk into her mattress. who, that, which, whose and whom) to introduce a defining relative clause (In the examples, the relative clause is in bold, and the person or thing being referred to is underlined. 3. 1. → She lives in New York, which she likes. They may add meaning, but if they are removed, the sentence will still function grammatically. Relative clauses provide additional information about a noun without starting a new sentence. Relative pronouns and relative clauses - worksheets pdf exercises. We can't drop the relative pronoun in this kind of clause, even if the relative pronoun is the subject of the clause. Report a problem. She loves the chocolate (which / that) I bought. Read the examples below. The following sentences contain examples of relative pronouns. We can't drop the relative pronoun. Take for example the sentence: Dogs that like cats are very unusual. We use relative pronouns to introduce relative clauses. I used to work with the woman. You also cannot leave out the relative pronoun in non-defining relative clauses, in the way you sometimes can in defining relative clauses. They contain within their structure an anaphoric element whose interpretation is determined by the antecedent. → There is a good film on the television tonight which you might like to watch. Try to use all possible relative pronouns (who, whom, which, that, in which, at which, when) or no relative pronouns. → The summer that / which I graduated from university in was long and hot. McFarland, 2009, Maya Angelou, I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings. Melissa who is from France is my sister. In non-wh relatives the anaphoric element is covert, a gap; this class is then subdivided into that relatives and bare relatives depending on the presence or absence of that.". → I live in the city that / which I study in. In this example, the relative clause is ‘who smells of slime’. These ares some examples of Sentences with Non-Defining Relative Clauses. This resource is available to download with a Premium subscription. Need more practice? Try to use all possible relative pronouns (who, whom, which, that, in which, at which, when) or no relative pronouns. The relative clause can come after the subject or the object of the sentence. Created: Sep 19, 2012. Updated: Sep 25, 2014. docx, 22 KB. (Remember that a clause is simply a group of words containing a subject and a verb. Examples: It is also called adjective clause because it defines a noun. We usually use a relative pronoun (e.g. Welcome! A relative clause is one kind of dependent clause. Examples. Info. Defining clauses (Restrictive clauses) A defining relative clause tells which noun we are talking about. In this sentence we understand that there are many dogs in the world, but … My brother met a woman. 5. However, a relative clause doesn't always immediately follow the noun phrase that it modifies. We use commas (,) to separate non-defining relative clauses from the rest of the sentence.Commas represent a pause. For example: I won’t stand by the man who smells of slime. Then test your knowledge in … Children to add a relative clause after the underlined noun using words which, where, who, whose. Stop for a minute and think about all the ways that you may communicate throughout the day Subject Relative Pronouns. It replaces a possessive. It is also called adjective clause because it defines a noun. The woman who is with the red dress asking me the address was very beautiful. A relative clause is a postmodifier--that is, it follows the noun or noun phrase it modifies. Last week I bought a new computer, which I don't like now. The first thing to notice from these examples is that the relative clause can come both at the end and in the middle of the sentence. Relative clauses in English usually employ gapping. 7 Example Sentences with Relative Clauses Whose, When, Where. If the defined sentence is the subject of the basic sentence, the relative clause is located between the subject and the predicate. Relative clauses. I live in London, which has some fantastic parks. What’s the clause? These people, "She had plenty of acquaintances, but no friends. . → I visited the city (that / which) John comes from. What’s the clause? Also known as an adjective clause, an adjectival clause, and a relative construction . Created: Sep 26, 2012. Types of Relative Clauses. There are two broad types of relative clauses in English. In English, there are two types of relative clauses: defining and non-defining clauses. You also need to follow different tips for using each relative clause properly. Preview and details Files included (1) ppt, 211 KB. Relative Clause Examples. An example of a non-finite relative clause in English is the infinitive clause on whom to rely, in the sentence "She is the person on whom to rely". There are two types of relative clauses: defining and non-defining. For example, in the sentence "This is the man that I saw", there is a gap after the word saw. ): Relative clauses are typically introduced by relative pronouns, and that the relative pronoun can function as a possessive pronoun, an object, or a subject. When relative pronouns introduce restrictive relative clauses, no comma is used to separate the restrictive clause from the main clause. She applied for the job. I sent a postcard that arrived five weeks later. In the overt case the relative clause is marked by the presence of one of the relative words who, whom, whose, which, etc., as or within the initial constituent: clauses of this type we call wh relatives. which/that my mom gave me for my 16 th birthday Demonstrates how to add a relative clause into a sentence using where, who, whose, which. As the name suggests, defining relative clauses give essential information to define or identify the person or thing we are talking about. It has a subject and verb, but can’t stand alone as a sentence. Take for example the sentence: Dogs that like cats are very unusual. We bought a mansion, which is 200 years old, for over a $10 million. Handouts to print, printable resources pdf. There is a more detailed page about preposition I congratulated. The pants that I … Punctuation rule. Dr. Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks. Relative clause worksheet. We can't drop the relative pronoun. Its roof is very old. But in the second example, Melissa must be from France, and this is qualified. There is a more detailed page about preposition Next, let's talk about when the relative pronoun is the object of the clause. Examples. Relative clauses: defining and non-defining - English Grammar Today – une référence pour l'utilisation et la grammaire de l'anglais écrit et parlé – Cambridge Dictionary Formation methods. This example illustrates the three basic parts of a relative clause construction: the head noun (woman), the modifying clause (I love), and the relativizer (that) which links the modifying clause to the head. Please contact me if you have any questions or comments. They may add meaning, but if they are removed, the sentence will still function grammatically. Relative clauses can be used to join two sentences together, or to identify people and things and give more information about them. The cyclist who won the race trained hard. About this resource. The "flower children" thrived then. which/that my mom gave me for my 16 th birthday 2. What Are Restrictive and Nonrestrictive Adjective Clauses, Definition and Examples of Postmodifiers in English Grammar, How to Use Relative Pronouns in Adjective Clauses, Definition and Examples of Relativization in English, 100 Key Terms Used in the Study of Grammar, Restrictive and Nonrestrictive Adjective Clauses, Ph.D., Rhetoric and English, University of Georgia, M.A., Modern English and American Literature, University of Leicester, B.A., English, State University of New York. The information is essential in order to understand what or who is being referred to. 'Whose' is always the subject of the relative clause and can't be left out. To avoid writing a fragment, you must connect each relative clause to a main clause. This is the house which Jack built. Combine the two sentences using the second one as a relative clause. We are looking at her.. My bicycle, which I've had for more than ten years, is falling apart. If you wish, we can examine this in more detail through an example. They are introduced by a relative pronoun like 'that', 'which', 'who', 'whose', 'where' and 'when'. There are two broad types of relative clauses in English. We can use relative clauses to join two English sentences, or to give more information about something. They always go at the end of the clause or sentence. He went to the country. A defining relative clause usually comes immediately after the noun it describes. Relative clauses may be either finite clauses (as in the examples above) or non-finite clauses. (See a list of all the exercises about relative clauses here.). Relative clauses add information to sentences by using a relative pronoun such as who, that or which. English learners often find this confusing but we’ll look at relative clause and relative pronoun definition and examples here and break it down so it’s easy to understand. Also known as an adjective clause, an adjectival clause, and a relative construction. Commas or parentheses are used to separate non-defining relative clauses from the rest of the sentence. → The summer when I graduated from university was long and hot. ): We bought a house which / that is 200 years old. 6. As the name suggests, defining relative clauses give essential information to define or identify the person or thing we are talking about. ”Who” is a kind of relative clause we use when the subject or object we want to describe is a human being. A broad rule you can apply to relative clauses in order to punctuate them correctly is that restrictive clauses are never offset by commas, whereas nonrestrictive clauses are. I’m looking for a secretary that can work under pressure and use a computer well. As you see in the previous example, "Frau" is a feminine noun so the relative pronoun that follows it has to be feminine as well (die). An example of a non-finite relative clause in English is the infinitive clause on whom to rely, in the sentence "She is the person on whom to rely". It can be used for people and things. 100 Defining and Non Defining Relative Clauses Examples Relative Clauses Relative Clauses are a structure used in English to combine two sentences with a connection between them. A relative clause is also known as an adjective clause. Combine the two sentences using the second one as a relative clause. We use commas (,) to separate non-defining relative clauses from the rest of the sentence. When is a time-relative pronoun¹ that joins a modifying clause. 30 Top Relative Clauses Year 5 Teaching Resources. Although it may seem a little scary and difficult for people who learn English, it is actually easy and fun. If the noun we describe declares possessive in the defining sentence, ‘ whose ’ is used for both people and objects. 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