The first fort on the site was built … a Rajput ruler of Bhatti clan. Each of the forts of Cholistan shares a cultural and historical context and a special relationship with the desert landscape Together they display all the variables of the proposed OUV for the property and convey its significance. The forty bastions of Derawar are visible for many miles in the Cholistan Desert. Built on a small rise on the otherwise flat plain of the Cholistan Desert, it … The Fort was built by Deoraj, a prince of Jaisalmer. In a recent development, Commissioner Bahawalpur Capt (retd) Saqib Zafar said that UNESCO has added Derawar Fort to the list of World Heritage Sites and taken up the task of maintenance of this decaying monument of the glorious Abbasi rule besides Rs 10 million have been provided by Punjab government for renovation and restoration of the fort. The Cholistan desert, or Rohi, is the western part of the Thar desert of the sub-continent which lies in modern Pakistan. Around 600 BC, however, the river changed its co… The walls have a circumference of 1500 metres and stand up to thirty metres high. Name: Derawar Fort Location: Cholistan Desert about a 100km from Bahawalpur Built in : 1733 The first fort on the site was built by Hindu Rajput, Rai Jajja Bhati of Jaisalmer Significance: It is the largest and the most superlatively preserved fort of Cholistan. Settlements, including those of the Indus Valley Civilization, once thrived in the region. Planning to visit some old Mughal emperor forts in your own country Pakistan. Derawar Fort is a large square fortress in Pakistan in Bahawalpur. The fort even in very dilapidated condition, had offices used by the then heads of princely state of Bahawalpur, water ponds, residential rooms, a prison and other buildings located within the premises of the fort. Derawar Fort (Qila Derawar) is in good condition, its walls are intact and still guarded by soldiers in fezes. The people are racially similar to those in Rajasthan - tall, with sharp features. Forts in Pakistan today have become public places which are worth visiting to get a peek into the lives of lords of yesteryears who use to live in such gigantic forts. The forty bastions of Delawar are visible for many miles in Cholistan Desert. 4000 BC until around 600 B.C. Another World Heritage site based on a trade route is the Incense Route – Desert Cities in the Negev, Israel (2005). “Raja Jajja Bhatti, infact was ruler of the then princely state of Jaisalmir that has its jurisdiction spread over two of largest deserts of … Research scholar and educationist, Omer Saleem who was at Derawar to witness the festivities of the rally said that thousands of people visited the Fort to watch jeep rally. It was in possession of royal family of Jaisalmer when it was captured by Abbasis in 1735. Mar 7, 2018 - Fort Derawar is situated from Bahawalpur or Ahmed Pur East or from Rahim Yar Khan moving on the Desert Road. The whole area around Derawar was once well watered by the Ghaggar River (now called the Hakra in Pakistan, and known in ancient Vedic times as the Sarasvati). Several centuries before the creation of the princely state, Bahawalpur, Derawar Fort was built by the then local ruler Rai, Jajja Bhatti in 9th century. Derawar fort was built in the 9th c. by Rai Jajja Bhatti. The entire structure is made up on white marble. Dr. Noorullah Qamar, a participant driver from Canada said that Canadian media has also given space to the jeep rally. The fort was captured by the Abassi family from Raja Rawal Singh of Jaisalmar in 1733, at which time the present fort was built. This is a group of utilitarian and yet varied fortifications closely spaced across a relatively small area of desert, all either built or renovated over a period of a few centuries to protect water sources and the caravan trade in an area of South Asia which has not yet been adequately explored or documented as an important link in the vast network of the Silk Roads. It was in possession of royal family of Jaisalmer when it was captured by Abbasis in 1735. The whole area around Derawar was once well watered by the Ghaggar River (now called the Hakra in Pakistan, and known in ancient Vedic times as the Sarasvati). They served to protect and enable the desert caravan routes; mercantile routes from central Asia to the heartland of the sub-continent and pilgrimage routes between Mecca and India. As such, they bear exceptional testimony to a vanished cultural tradition in this transition zone between Central and South Asia and a valuable component of the complexity and diversity of the Silk Roads. a Rajput ruler of Bhatti clan. Click here to read about Fort Derawar history, built by, rebuilt, inside Derawar Fort and desert jeep rally. The forty bastions of Derawar are visible for many miles in Cholistan Desert. Palaces and forts are the insignia of Bahawalpur state.There are five palaces in Bahawalpur City alone. They live in large, round, mud and grass huts, usually built on the top of sandhills. Near Derawar Fort are the shrines of four pious Muslims. The impressive Derawar mosque is situated nearby which is the exact replica of Moti Mosque at the Red Fort in Delhi and was built in 1844 AD. The walls have a perimeter of 1500 … The forty bastions of Derawar […] It is the largest and the most superlatively preserved fort of Cholistan. A visit to the Derawar Fort requires a three to four-hour long trip with a four-wheel vehicle, but those with a soft spot for military structures won’t regret the journey. The forty bastions of Derawar are visible for many miles in Cholistan Desert. Bahawalpur's ruling family, along with nobles from nearby Uch, were forced to take refuge in the Derawar Fort… “ A tunnel connecting Derawar Fort to palace in Dera Nawab Sahab city, the official residence of Nawab of Bahawalpur could be witnessed, Rafiq said. The walls have a circumference of 1500 metres and stand up to thirty metres high. Derawar Fort - The Formidable Desert Light House Pakistan is home to many dynasties, kingdoms and civilizations, which once thrived in every nook and corner of its landscape. Derawar Fort (Urdu: قِلعہ دراوڑ ‎), is a large square fortress in Ahmadpur East Tehsil, Punjab, Pakistan. Derawar Fort is a large square fortress in Pakistan near Bahawalpur. Although these forts are located on the other side of the same desert as Derawar and the other Cholistan forts, they represent an entirely different tradition of “forts”. The Derawar Fort was first built in the 9th century under the kingship of Rai Jajja Bhati, a Hindu Rajput from Jaisalmir in India's Rajasthan state. However, the Nawab of Bahawalpur, Sadeq Mohammad Khan I, captured the fort … “These types of sites reflect specific regional political and social responses to the organisation and infrastructure of the routes, and as such are an important component of capturing the complexity and diversity of the Silk Roads.”. Derawar fort was built by Rai Jajja Bhatti, a Rajput ruler of the Bhatti clan. The forts of the Cholistan desert can be categorized as Category 1 Infrastructure according to the thematic study; “facilitating trade and transportation” and functioning as both forts and way-stations. The medieval forts of the Cholistan desert landscape are a group of up to a dozen structures, some standing and some deteriorated. The strong fort standing over the semi-desert is visible from miles around. Archaeological evidence suggests that this desert was once irrigated by the Hakra River, the bed of which can still be seen in the desert landscape. “Nawab of Bahawalpur conquered Derawar Fort in 1733 and rebuilt it which is the current shape,” Rafeeq said. Derawar fort was built in the 9th c. by Rai Jajja Bhatti. Following the footsteps of Abbasid Caliphs, the rulers of Bahawalpur State laid special emphasis on knowledge and architecture. Also lacking are the courtly associations and agricultural landscapes; instead their values lie in their bold functionality related to maintaining the desert caravan routes. All rights reserved. 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