Article I of the U.S. Constitution set up the legislative branch . HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, government. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) (in the US) the lower chamber of Congress. The House of Representatives is the larger of the two parts of Congress in the United States, or the equivalent part of the system of government in some other countries. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Chamber of the U.S. House of Representatives, Washington, D.C. How many stripes are on the American flag? Learn more. George W. Bush delivering the State of the Union address in 2007, applauded by the second in command, Vice Pres. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The popular branch of the legislature. Is It “New Years” or “New Year’s”? Article 1, Section 2 of the Constitution provides for both the minimum and maximum sizes for the House of Representatives. The organization and character of the House of Representatives have evolved under the influence of political parties, which provide a means of controlling proceedings and mobilizing the necessary majorities. The term of members of the House of Representatives is a maximum of three years from the date of the first sitting of the House, but on only one occasion since Federation has the maximum term … the lower legislative branch in many national and state bicameral governing bodies, as in the United States, Mexico, and Japan. The House of Representatives originally comprised 59 members. Updates? After the census of 1920, Northeastern and Midwestern states held 270 House seats and the South and West held 169. The House of Representatives shares equal responsibility for lawmaking with the U.S. Senate. House of Representatives. Most draft legislation (bills) are introduced into the House of Representatives. Charles J. “Have” vs. “Has”: When To Use Each One. House of Representatives definition in English dictionary, House of Representatives meaning, synonyms, see also 'House',house',house',House'. House of Representatives definition: The House of Representatives is the less powerful of the two parts of Congress in the... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Because of its larger size, the House tends to maintain a closer link to local constituent concerns than the Senate, though both houses of Congress participate in virtually all aspects of legislation and policymaking. We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website, including to provide targeted advertising and track usage. Translations . The United States House of Representatives is a part of the United States (U. S.) Congress.Congress is the legislature of the U. S. government and makes federal laws.The other part of Congress is the U. S. Senate.There are maximum 435 members in the United States House of Representatives. Party Divisions of the House of Representatives, 1789 to Present. Learn more. House of Representatives, one of the two houses of the bicameral United States Congress, established in 1789 by the Constitution of the United States. The name of the lower house in the bicameral legislatures of several countries, also used of some singular legislative bodies in unicameral systems. SEE SYNONYMS FOR representatives ON THESAURUS.COM Popularly elected officials who serve in state legislatures and in the House of Representatives in Congress. The constitutional requirements for eligibility for membership of the House of Representatives are a minimum age of 25 years, U.S. citizenship for at least seven years, and residency of the state from which the member is elected, though he need not reside in the constituency that he represents. Noun 1. Currently, there are five delegates representing the District of Columbia, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of … Two additional representatives were added temporarily after the admission of Alaska and Hawaii as states in 1959, but at the next legislative apportionment, membership returned to 435, the number authorized by a law enacted in 1941. As conceived by the framers of the Constitution, the House was to represent the popular will, and its members were to be directly elected by the people. Thereafter, the balance between the two regions gradually shifted: following the 2010 census, the Northeast and Midwest accounted for only 172 seats, compared with the South and West’s 263. All rights reserved. As this chart demonstrates, the efforts of the founding generation to create a national government free of political parties proved unworkable. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The Most Surprisingly Serendipitous Words Of The Day, The Dictionary.com Word Of The Year For 2020 Is …. They may hold hearings on questions of public interest, propose legislation that has not been formally introduced as a bill or resolution, and conduct investigations. The Speaker of the House is one of the most influential officials in Washington, D.C., and is second in succession to the presidency, after the vice president. The Constitution (Article I, section 6) prohibits members of Congress from holding offices in the executive branch of government—a chief distinction between parliamentary and congressional forms of government. n. 1. These investigations are directed at criminal sanctions; however, the House of Representatives may establish moral sanctions, such as a motion of censure against an official who has been found to have failed to p… Together they compose the national bicameral legislature of the United States. House of Representatives means the House of Representatives of the Georgia. Among important standing committees are those on appropriations, on ways and means (which handles matters related to finance), and on rules. The lower house of the United States Congress. Why Do “Left” And “Right” Mean Liberal And Conservative? A protagonist is the main character of a story, or the lead. Sample 2 (in the US) the lower chamber of Congress, (in Australia) the lower chamber of Parliament, the sole chamber of New Zealand's Parliament: formerly the lower chamber, (in the US) the lower chamber in many state legislatures. The United States House of Representatives is the lower house of the United States Congress, with the Senate being the upper house. Definition of us house of representatives in the Definitions.net dictionary. By 1912 membership had reached 435. Abbreviations:H.R., HR See more. During the First Congress (1789–91), the House had sixty-five members, each representing approximately 30,000 people. n-proper the N The House of Representatives approved a new … “Affect” vs. “Effect”: Use The Correct Word Every Time. The number of voting representatives in the House is fixed by law at no more than 435, proportionally representing the population of the 50 states. Meaning of us house of representatives. Omissions? (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) (in Australia) the lower chamber of Parliament. House of Representatives In the United States, a congressman or congresswoman is a member of the House of Representatives , which is one of the two houses of the Congress. Members of the House are generally called congressmen, congresswomen, or representatives. the House of Representatives meaning: 1. the lower house of the parliaments of some countries, including the US, Australia, and New…. Corrections? Definition of house of representatives. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. DICTIONARY.COM The allocation of seats is based on the population within the states, and membership is reapportioned every 10 years, following the decennial census. In this regard, it may request support from other authorities or create special commissions for the conduct of such investigations. Describe 2020 In Just One Word? The House of Representatives is an instance from which it can be opened investigation to the maximum representative of the Executive Power, as well as of other public powers. Definitions A class photo of the 111th United States Senate. However, party discipline (i.e., the tendency of all members of a political party to vote in the same way) has not always been strong, owing to the fact that members, who must face reelection every two years, often vote the interests of their districts rather than their political party when the two diverge. This individual, who is chosen by the majority party, presides over debate, appoints members of select and conference committees, and performs other important duties; speakers are second in the line of presidential succession (following the vice president). Learn how the United States elects the offices of the House of Representatives, the Senate, the president, and the vice president in the 21st century and how this system compares to that of other countries, such as the United Kingdom. With 435 popularly elected officials, the House (as it is often called) is the most representative body in the federal government. 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