However, the date was changed due to increased tension at the time. 4) During the revolution of 1857, Mangal Pandey gave rise to a rebellion that spread like wildfire to the whole of North India and other parts of the country. Despite this rebellious hero was unsuccessful yet his contribution was … The belief arose among the sepoys that the British had deliberately used the lard on the cartridges. Mangal Pandey was arrested and sentenced to death after he attacked British officers in Barrackpore on March 29, 1857. Sachidanand Pandey, who is a descendant of freedom fighter Jai Mangal Pandey, has expressed dismay over naming the park after Captain Simpson and demanded that his name should be removed. April 8th, 2008 Headsman On this date in 1857, ten days before the scheduled date for his execution, Mangal Pandey was hanged at Barrackpore, India, for mutiny against his British officers — a death sentence at the intersection of technology, faith and empire that would prefigure India’s first large-scale rebellion against English authority. His actions against the British triggered a series of revolts all over India, which ultimately culminated in India's First War of Independence. He survived and was put on trial and hanged on April 8, 1857. He was a sepoy of the 34th Bengal Native Infantry (BNI) mutinied against his commanding officers of the East India Company. Mangal Pandey was accordingly charged with propagation and waging of Armed rebellion against English Regime coupled with open disobedience to the command of English officers and sentenced to be hanged to death. Why was Mangal Pandey hanged? This initiated a period when heightened Indian nationalism steered India toward independence. To get more updates on Current Affairs, send in your query by mail to education.intoday@gmail.com, What agitating farmers want, and why the Centre may not oblige, How preparation for Covid vaccination drive is an opportunity to make PHCs energy efficient, The Rajinikanth dilemma in Tamil Nadu politics, Battered Congress looks at hard road ahead, Farmers' protests: Meet the volunteers who are offering laundry service at Singhu border, New Covid-19 strain not detected in India so far: Govt, US President-elect Joe Biden receives Pfizer Covid vaccine shot, India suspends UK flights, cities on alert, Counting begins for Jammu & Kashmir DDC polls. Answer: He was the general of Nana Saheb. He was from a high-caste Brahman landowning family that professed strong Hindu beliefs. A rumour spread that the lubricant used was either cow or pig lard, which was repugnant to Hindus or Muslims, respectively. How did Mangal Pandey die? Interested in General Knowledge and Current Affairs? this is why mangal pandey was hanged to death. Mukherjee's analysis examined whether Pandey really was the heroic figure history had made him out to be, or just a soldier who happened to get lucky. A commemorative postage stamp with his image on it was issued by the Indian government in 1984. Mangal was charged with inciting mutiny and using violence against officers. His execution (by hanging) was set for April 18, but British authorities, fearing the outbreak of a large-scale revolt if they waited until then, moved the date up to April 8. He played a key role in the revolt of 1857 also known a Sepoy mutiny of 1857. Since cows are holy animals to the Hindus, and the pigs were abhorrent for the Muslims, the use of these fats was considered controversial by the Indian soldiers. Will farmers relent after PM Narendra Modi's outreach? Click here to stay informed and know what is happening around the world with our G.K. and Current Affairs section. Mangal Pandey Death. Updates? Regiment. Mangal Pandey was arrested and sentenced to death after he attacked British officers in Barrackpore on March 29, 1857. The rebellion led to the abolition of the British East India Company in favour of direct British rule. _____ means Foreigners. Ans. 2) The British rule was badly shaken by the flame of the revolution he instigated. Reading Mangal Pandey‘s engagement with history is thus useful for the understanding of the more general cultural trends and positions. On 29 March, 1857 a young soldier, Mangal Pandey was hanged to death for attacking his officers in Barrackpore. 6. 3) Mangal Pandey was a soldier inthe 34thBengal Native Infantry under the British East IndiaCompany. An enquiry by the British government was conducted on the 34th B.N.I. He said that he was not against the park but questioned why Simpson was chosen when the area had so many freedom fighters. But the plans of Mangal Pandey ruined due to some reasons and Mangal Pandey and his rebellions condemned and he was put on trial. The stamp and the accompanying first-day cover were designed by Delhi-based artist C. R. Pakrashi. While he was posted at the garrison in Barrackpore in the mid-1850s, a new Enfield rifle was introduced into India that required a soldier to bite off the ends of greased cartridges in order to load the weapon. Mangal Pandey’s actions in 1857 sparked the Indian Mutiny, also often called India’s First War of Independence. Of the large number of freedom fighters that led the struggle, Mangal Pandey had a significant role in India's Freedom Struggle. He was made a soldier (sepoy) in the 6th Company of the 34th Bengal Native Infantry, which included a large number of Brahmans. Although the execution of Pandey was set for April 18, 1857, the British authorities fearing an outburst of a bigger revolt hanged him to death on April 8, 1857. Anticipating a revolt, British authorities moved up his initial execution date from April 18 to April 8, when he was hanged. Finally, on 8th April 1857, he hanged till death. The first general widespread uprising against the rule of the British East India Company was The First War of Independence (1857-58). Resistance to the use of Enfield cartridges later that month in Meerut led to the outbreak of a revolt there in May and the start of the larger insurrection. 1) Mangal Pandey was the forerunnerof India's first freedom struggle. Pandey was ambitious and viewed his profession as a sepoy as a stepping-stone to future success. Mangal Pandey (Aamir Khan), a sepoy (soldier of Indian origin) in the 34th Bengal Native Infantry of the company's army, is being led to his execution by hanging for fomenting mutiny against company rule. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. During the trial, he told that he mutinied on his own free will and was not encouraged by any other sepoy. This attacked sparked off the First War of Indian Independence, or as the British termed it, the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857. Technology Gunning for it On 29 March 1857, a young soldier, _____, was hanged to death for attacking his officers in Barrackpore. Mangal Pandey’s rebellious act was followed by a two-day court martial which ordered that he be hanged. For reprint rights: Syndications Today. He rebelled against the British and was hanged. The first Anglo-Afghan war finished in 1842, Pandey did not join up until 1849, and his regiment – the 34th Bengal Native Infantry – did not see action in Afghanistan. Eventually, he was hanged on April 8, when the situation seemed to be unhealthy. One member Subedar Sewambar Panday was from Mangal’s own 34th BNI. INDIA'S FIRST FREEDOM FIGHTER WAS HANGED ON 8TH APRIL 1857. On 29 March 1857, a young soldier, Mangal Pandey, was hanged to death for attacking his officers in Barrackpore. In a week, Mangal Pandey was put on trial and sentenced to death by hanging. Mangal Pandey, a sepoy in the 34th Regiment of the Bengal Native Infantry (BNI) of the East India Company, made a mark in the Indian history for attacking his British officers. Interested in General Knowledge and Current Affairs? Editor of.
Q13. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Who was Mangal Pandey? Mangal Pandey was quick to analyze that his arrest was unavoidable therefore; he tried to commit a suicide but could not succeed. Prasad was also hanged to death on April 21. Pandey inspired the Indian Mutiny (also called the Indian Rebellion of 1857, among other names) after rumours circulated that cow lard was used to grease rifle cartridges, which was repugnant to Hindus. Question 12. Who was Tantia Tope? Dear Reader, My name is Manisha Dubey Jha. स्वतंत्रता सेनानी मंगल पाण्डेय Mangal Pandey. The primary reason behind Mangal Pandey’s behavior was because of a … As the mutiny spread, the British began called mutineers "pandies." [4], Some of the sepoys of the quarter-guard then advanced and struck at the two prostrate officers. Pandey was soon tried and sentenced to death. His actions against the British triggered a series of revolts all over India, which ultimately culminated in India's First War of Independence. Mangal Pandey was hanged to death on April 8, 1857. His death inspired youths and all were turned against the British. Later Years. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. 0 ; view full answer mangal pandey was angry on the recent actions of east india company on the new cartridges which had casing made from fats of cow and pig , as cow being sacred to hindus and pigs being abhorrent to muslims soldiers refused to use them. Some days later, some sepoys of the regiment at Meerut refused to do the army drill using the new cartridges, which were suspected of being coated with the fat of cows and pigs. Mangal Pandey, (born July 19, 1827, Akbarpur, India—died April 8, 1857, Barrackpore), Indian soldier whose attack on British officers on March 29, 1857, was the first major incident of what came to be known as the Indian, or Sepoy, Mutiny (in India the uprising is often called the First War of Independence or other similar names). The term reflects an attitude of contempt. Not much is known about Mangal Pandey, a sepoy in the army of the East India Company, save his one act of rebellion: the killing of two British soldiers for which he was hanged. All members were native officers and court was headed by Subedar Major Jawahar Lal Tiwari (43rd BNI). Question 11. Who was Nana Saheb? 7. 8. His father Divakar Pandey was a peasant. this was because the cartridges were suspected to be coated of … Ultimately, Mangal Pandey was hanged till death. Therefore, Mangal Pandey, a devoted Hindu Brahmin, was furious by the suspected use of fat in the cartridges and decided to display their disapproval by taking violent action against the British. The main reason why Mangal Pandey betrayed the British Raj was the newly launched “Enfield P … To use the rifle, the soldiers would have to bite off the ends of the greased cartridges in order to load the gun. At the Barrackpore ground near Kolkata, on the afternoon of 29 March 1857, Pandey attacked and injured his British sergeant and wounded an adjutant. Mangal Pandey was executed on April 8 1857. He was a Hindu of the aristocratic Brahman caste, which had been especially dispossessed under British paramountcy. The Indian soldiers thought that this was a deliberate attempt by the British to dishonour their religion. Born on […] Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Mamata Banerjee losing ground, Bengal looking for change: Union minister Gajendra Singh Shekhawat, Image of the Day: Kashmiri man sings song to bird in viral video, Copyright © 2020 Living Media India Limited. Anticipating a revolt, British authorities moved up his initial execution date from April 18 to April 8, when he was hanged. committed a reckless act for which he was hanged. What was the first step taken by the company towards ending the Mughal dynasty? 29-year old Mangal Pandey, belonged from Ballia district in modern-day Uttar Pradesh, and had joined the Bengal Army in 1849. Why is he famous? While Pandey incited his fellow soldiers to join him in the rebellion, a native soldier prevented him from killing the adjutant and the sergeant-major. These Indians rose in revolt at a number of places all over India. (9) Why did the Indian soldiers in Meerut rebel against the British? There have been various accounts of the events of March 29, 1857. Pandey, it should be noted, is considered a hero in India, and has been portrayed as a freedom fighter in films and even on an Indian postage stamp . Mangal was tried on April 06 by a fourteen member native general court martial. mangal pandey, a Sepoy who worked as a soldier in British India had refused to use the new cartridges assigned to them as gun powder. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Pandey Neither a Martyr Nor a Hero: Revisiting the 1857 Mutiny. He is widely known in India as one of its first freedom fighters. A new Enfield rifle was introduced in India by the British and rumours had it that the cartridges were greased with animal fat, primarily from pigs and cows. I have been blogging for 3 years and through the Fast Read.in I have been giving important educational content as far as possible to the reader. Mangal Pandey was hanged to death on April 8, 1857. Answer: Nana Saheb was the adopted son of the late Peshwa Baji ftao. In addition, a movie and stage play that depicted his life both appeared in 2005. Corrections? He was hanged on 8 April 1857. Omissions? He was arrested and sentenced to death. 5) On May 10th, 1857,a revolt broke out in the military cantonment of Meerut as well and this revoltspre… He belonged to a high-caste Brahmin family. Q13. And therefore, as a result of this uprising, the East India Company was brought under the direct rule of the British Crown. During the trial, the court declared him guilty and sentenced to death. Pandey’s career ambitions, however, came into conflict with his religious beliefs. Question 13. ... Mangal Pandey & The Sepoy Mutiny - Full Movie - Animated Stories for Kids - Duration: 29:31. Answer: Mangal Pandey was a sepoy in the Company army. Jemadar Ishwari Prasad was also sentenced to death by hanging since he … Pandey joined the army of the British East India Company in 1849, some accounts suggesting that he was recruited by a brigade that marched past him. However, the general agreement is that Pandey attempted to incite his fellow sepoys to rise up against their British officers, attacked two of those officers, attempted to shoot himself after having been restrained, and eventually was overpowered and arrested. Mangal Pandey is famous in Indian history as a freedom fighter who gave his life to free the country from the British raj. Research Fellow, Institute of South Asian Studies, National University of Singapore, Singapore. In India, Pandey has been remembered as a freedom fighter against British rule. The Government of India commemorated Pandey by issuing a postage stamp bearing his image on 5 October 1984. Some contemporary reports suggested that he was under the influence of drugs—possibly cannabis or opium—and was not fully aware of his actions. On 29 March 1857, a young soldier, Mangal Pandey, was hanged to death for attacking his officers in Barrackpore. Initial, Mangal Pandey was set to be hanged on April 18. A number of social reforms, like the Doctrine of Lapse, the issue of cartridges greased with animal fat to Indian soldiers and the introduction of a British education system had infuriated a very diverse section of Indians. The Indian rebellion of 1857 was started over a rifle introduced to the sepoy armies. Mangal Pandey was sued They were sentenced to hang Indian Krantikari Mangal Pandey was hanged on April 8, 1857. In 1857 _____, the adopted son of the late Peshwa Baji Rao who lived near Kanpur, joined the rebels to fight against British forces. Mangal Pandey was born on July 19, 1827 in village Nagwa of district Ballia in Uttar Pradesh. When Mangal Pandey was 22 years old, he joined the army of the British East India Company in 1849. In 1857, Mangal Pandey was hanged to death for attacking his officers in Barrackpore. True ; British were very happy after the 1857 Revolt.False; The British passed a new act in 1858 transferring the powers of East India Company to the British crown. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Mangal-Pandey, MapsofIndia.com - Government and Politics - Biography of Mangal Pandey, IndiaNetzone - Indian Personalities - Biography of Mangal Pandey, ILoveIndia.com - Biography of Mangal Pandey. Mangal Pandey was an Indian sepoy in the service of the British East India Company. Pandey was born in a town near Faizabad in what is now eastern Uttar Pradesh state in northern India, although some give his birth place as a small village near Lalitpur (in present-day southwestern Uttar Pradesh). 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