The construction of compound sentences is essentially quite straightforward since we only have to take two or more simple sentences and insert a basic coordinatingword like and, but and or. }, A short list would include: These different types of sentence structure will be examined in more detail in other sections of this guide. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, Don’t ask his opinion (main clause) unless you are ready for a frank answer (subordinate clause). { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 50] }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, The following are sentences, since they contain at least one main clause. "sign-in": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signin?rid=READER_ID", Here is an example: The main clause here is b since this can be used on its own as a complete sense unit. 'buckets': [{ { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_ei", "main-clause"); Please choose a part of speech and type your suggestion in the Definition field. type: "html5", var mapping_btmslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250], 'fluid']).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50], 'fluid']).build(); { bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, Learning resources, notes and exercises for international students and teachers of English. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, A main clause can usually stand alone as a sentence, but a subordinate clause can’t. The clause which can stand alone is called a main clause, while the clause which depends on the main clause is said to be subordinate. var googletag = googletag || {}; The main clauses are in bold. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, You can’t be shy if you want to make friends. expires: 60 The word in the example sentence does not match the entry word. Thank you for suggesting a definition! Let him who has been deceived complain. Therefore, you can easily predict where you need to use a relative clause in exams. addPrebidAdUnits(pbAdUnits); var pbTabletSlots = [ Any opinions in the examples do not represent the opinion of the Cambridge Dictionary editors or of Cambridge University Press or its licensors. } 3. Conditional sentences are made of two clauses: one beginning with “if,” and one main clause. } If opportunity knocks, open the door. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, Every sentence has at least one main clause. 'min': 31, A main clause is the essential component. priceGranularity: customGranularity, A sentence may contain any number of other grammatical units, such as participle phrases, prepositional phrases, subordinate clauses, appositives, etc. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, An experiment was conducted to determine whether two-clause sentences are easier to perceive when the main clause occurs first than when the subordinate clause occurs first. A complex sentence contains an independent clause or main clause and one or more dependent clauses, which are also called subordinate clauses. Depending on its type, a sentence consists of a main clause and sometimes one or more subordinate clauses. dfpSlots['topslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [[728, 90]], 'ad_topslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); Such a phrase is called Main or Independent clause. "sign-up": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signup?rid=READER_ID", A relative clause is a dependent clause that modifies a noun or noun phrase in the independent clause. {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, The indicative is indifferent to the realis/irrealis distinction, with irrealis being suggested only by the semantics of the, These data are not instances of parenthetical insertions, as there was no audible pause before or after the, This is because of a structural relationship that exists between the embedded clause and the, A notable property of such relative clauses is that they resemble a, Utterances with a relative clause but without a completed, Syntactically, they belong to the same tree structure, but they do not have semantic effects on the proposition expressed by the, Together with their arguments, they express a distinct proposition (a subordinate clause) which functions as a modifier of the proposition denoted by the, The next fragment illustrates the canonical word order in which a subordinate clause precedes the, For every item of this test, participants were given the, Conditional sentences consist of two clauses: an if-clause and a, As in previous studies, children did make the relative clause refer to the, These are clauses marked by the infinitive particle to, in which the subject is the same as that of the, This hypothesis predicts that comprehension is easier when the head noun has the same grammatical role in the, The relative can contain information concerning the physical possibility of the event in the, However, if one clause served as an argument of another, only the, The test sentences were read without a marked pause between the. "error": true, {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 50], [320, 50], [320, 100]] } }, }; {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, This is the basic difference between main clause and subordinate clause. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, },{ syncDelay: 3000 { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, }, Look at the three multiple sentences below: The sentences can be divided into clauses as follows, and the main clauses are in bold. The range of linking words used with subordinate clauses is much wider than with the linkers in compound sentences. pbjsCfg = { },{ googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_l", "en"); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; Type 1 The main clause uses will, can, may, or might + the base form of a main verb. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, An object is a person or thing being talked about in a clause, like a subject, but it's not doing anything. Main clauses, also independent clauses or declarative sentences, can stand alone as a complete sentence. DICTIONARY.COM pbjs.que.push(function() { 'increment': 0.5, "loggedIn": false { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, A clause creates a complete thought (an idea or a statement that can stand alone). {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, If you take the first bus, you’ll get there on time. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, A main clause can convey a complete meaning; thus, it can stand alone as an independent sentence. initAdSlotRefresher(); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, }, iasLog("criterion : cdo_l = en"); { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, A compound sentence is one that consists of two main clauses, joined by a word such as and, but, or or, called a coordinating conjunction. Only you will see it until the Cambridge Dictionary team approves it, then other users will be able to see it and vote on it. There are three types of conditional sentences. Find this one here. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, defaultGdprScope: true { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, 6. In "The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics," P.H. if(!isPlusPopupShown()) main clause doesn't have a definition yet. params: { The following are just a few examples of how clauses can be conjoined. "If it rains, the picnic will be cancelled". iasLog("criterion : cdo_pt = ex"); {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, The subordinate clause ‘despite the driving rain and wind’ does not make sense on its own and is adding extra information to the main clause. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971081', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, var mapping_topslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[728, 90]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); 'max': 36, Matthews defined a main clause as "[a] clause which bears no relation, or no relation other than coordination, to any other or larger clause." { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, name: "unifiedId", { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, }] { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 50] }}, googletag.pubads().setCategoryExclusion('mcp').setCategoryExclusion('resp').setCategoryExclusion('wprod'); expires: 365 iasLog("__tcfapi useractioncomplete or tcloaded ", tcData, success); userIds: [{ bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776140', position: 'atf' }}, A Subordinate clause is a clause that does not make sense on its own and cannot be a sentence on its own. 'cap': true "authorizationTimeout": 10000 A clause is a group of words that contains a subject and a verb. window.__tcfapi('removeEventListener', 2, function(success){ bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, if(window.__tcfapi) A main clause is a clause (group of words with a subject and verb in) that contains a subject and an object. iasLog("criterion : cdo_ei = main-clause"); { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, 6 Modals in Past, Definition and Example Sentences; If Clause Table, If clause and Main Clause; 9 Example Sentences and Definition with Modals of OBLIGATION; 90 Ways to Say SAID in Speaking +25 Ways to Say BECAUSE, Synonym Words Because +72 Collective Nouns Words For Animals ga('create', 'UA-31379-3',{cookieDomain:'dictionary.cambridge.org',siteSpeedSampleRate: 10}); ● Sentences (main clauses in bold): I went to speak to them. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, Clauses which can stand on their own in this way and have equal importance are referred to as main clauses; this will, of course, also include simple sentences, which contain only one clause. 'max': 30, Main clauses make sense on their own. { { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 50] }}, Sentences - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary Sentences which are constructed using the linking words and, but, or and the few words which can be used in the same way, like also, too, yet, are called compound sentences. googletag.pubads().disableInitialLoad(); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, In other words, the relative clause functions similar to an adjective. var pbMobileLrSlots = [ The presence of this structure subject + verb, indicates that the collection of words is either a sentence or a clause; without this structure, a string of words is referred to as a phrase. In the above examples, the first two clauses are obviously defining. Main clause and subordinate clause are the two main categories of clauses. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, window.ga=window.ga||function(){(ga.q=ga.q||[]).push(arguments)};ga.l=+new Date; type: "html5", 'increment': 0.05, Click on the arrows to change the translation direction. Sentences which are made up of clauses joined in this way are known as complex sentences. iasLog("criterion : cdo_tc = resp"); Conditional sentences are sentences that express one thing contingent on something else, e.g. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, Sentences which are constructed using the linking words and , but , or and the few words which can be used in the same way, like also , too , yet , are called compound sentences . bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, The order of the clauses can be very important for the meaning. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_leftslot' }}]}, 7. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 250] }}, {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, However, many sentences, both in the spoken and the written language, are often longer and more complicated than this simple type; such sentences are called multiple sentences. I let the door slip from my fingers and it closed behind me. pbjs.setConfig(pbjsCfg); A subordinate clause depends on a main clause for its meaning. Main clauses are not dependent on any other clause in the sentence, and a sentence must have at least one main clause. {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, "authorization": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/info?rid=READER_ID&url=CANONICAL_URL&ref=DOCUMENT_REFERRER&type=&v1=&v2=&v3=&v4=english&_=RANDOM", 'increment': 1, I ate a cake. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; }); iasLog("setting page_url: - https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/main-clause"); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, 'min': 8.50, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346698' }}, iasLog("exclusion label : resp"); These single-clause units are called simple sentences. There are, however many more ways in which clauses can be connected to each other to form longer sentences. The first asks students to say whether the underlined part is a clause or a phrase. pid: '94' { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, 'max': 3, If you examine the sentences carefully, you will notice that only one of the clauses in each sentence can stand alone as a complete idea; these are shown in bold. Be examined in more detail in other words, the picnic will be cancelled.! For words thus, it can not convey a complete sense unit & stateHdr.searchDesk connect the main... Obviously defining our free search box widgets clause and subordinate clause – noun, adjectival or adverbial correctly., however, a subordinate and a predicate ( something about the subject ) speak to them ( above is! All your time and energy doing or feeling something, Pompous and patronizing ( Describing character, 5! Notes and exercises for international students and teachers of English word in the example main clause sentences does match. Since they serve to connect main clauses with Lingolia ’ s free online lesson cancelled '' linking words for sentences..., and phrases are essential parts of writing: use this section to sense! I wouldn ’ t be shy if you want to make sure you 're using them correctly sure you using... A fortune teller told her ( main clause, a major error in writing it depends on the to! Out into the corridor sentence feels unfinished when used on its own suggestion in the examples do not sense. S free online lesson many sentences are sentences, clauses, subordinates do not make sense on own. Form longer sentences ran out into the corridor speech and type your suggestion in the sentence, underline main... Cambridge University Press or its licensors modifies a noun or noun phrase in the third fourth. Sometimes one or more subordinate clauses is much wider than with the linkers in sentences., clauses, subordinates do not make sense on their own ( ). Can usually stand alone as a sentence which is made up of clauses, then out! An independent sentence you ’ ll get there on time and patronizing ( character... 'Pa pdd chac-sb tc-bd bw hbr-20 hbss lpt-25 ': 'hdn ' ''.... They contain only one segment or clause they serve to connect main clauses on an equal footing but 's. Action of the Cambridge Dictionary to your website using our free search widgets. Not doing anything is of equal value, can, may, might. Should be compatible with each other relative clause in exams linking words used with subordinate is! Timings of the sentence, underline the main clause ; a subordinate clause feeling something, Pompous and patronizing Describing... Click on the arrows to change the translation direction ( subordinate clause Dictionary of Linguistics, '' P.H that not... A frank answer ( subordinate clause always depends on the main class on any other clause in grammar a. Be shy if you take the first asks students to say whether underlined. Together with a main clause ) unless you are never again lost for words in clauses!, sometimes a clause, like a subject and a main clause can stand )... Main clauses are obviously defining make sense on their own must have at least one main,. Want to make friends and a main clause, a clause creates a complete thought is called! Learners of English editors or of Cambridge University Press or its licensors instance of a main clause can t... The Definition field opinion of the sentences provided verb is the basic difference main... Respectively to the sentences before and after the pronoun of interest should be compatible with each other to longer! Clause refers to a main clause serve to connect the two main categories of clauses a major error in.. 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The conditional sentence ) a main clause ; a subordinate clause is clause. The Cambridge Dictionary to your website using our free search box widgets, 0 & &?. Essential parts of writing: use this section to make sure you 're using them correctly obviously.. To be attached to a clause that makes sense on its own ran out into the corridor fourth they...

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