By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, The Role of Interjections in English Grammar, Definition and Examples of Postmodifiers in English Grammar, The 9 Parts of Speech: Definitions and Examples, Sentence Definition and Examples in English Grammar, 10 Titillating Types of Sound Effects in Language, 100 Key Terms Used in the Study of Grammar, What Is Parsing? Nevertheless, interjections are commonly regarded as the outlaws of English grammar. Dr. Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks. Cool! They usually cannot be modified or inflected. They can express a wide variety of emotions such as: excitement, joy, surprise, or disgust. In the first example above, the term ooh is technically a primary interjection that generally does not enter into syntactic constructions. Without context, the listener would not know the referent of the expression (i.e. Interjections An interjection is a part of speech that demonstrates the feelings or emotions of author. Interjections are followed by a Exclamation Mark. It's now customary to divide interjections into two broad classes: Primary interjections are single words (such as ah, brr, eww, hmm,  ooh, and yowza) that are not derived from any other word class, are used only as interjections, and don't enter into syntactic constructions. An interjection is a part of speech that demonstrates the emotion or feeling of the author. Interjections are usually placed at the very start of a sentence (refer. For example: Rats! The words which are used to express a strong or sudden feeling or emotion are called as interjections. In an era of increasing communication via text messaging and social media—which is often laced with interjections—experts say that paying more attention to these loud and forceful parts of speech will help create a better understanding of how human beings actually communicate. These words have fixed meanings, so whenever they are used; the listener automatically understands the emotion of the speaker. Often exclamation point (!) Schulz." Most interjections are just sounds, rather than actual words, and come at the beginning or … For example, “Hurray, we are celebrating my birthday!”; in this sentence, hurray is the interjection, followed by a comma. You have a baby girl. Great! As written English grows more colloquial, both classes have migrated from speech into print. An interjection is a word, phrase, or sentence that expresses emotion, meaning, or feeling. It’s a word or phrase that is inserted into a sentence to express sudden emotions. Interjection can be defined as. We won the match. It’s a word or phrase that is injected into a sentence to express sudden emotions. Our team has won the match. They are usually followed by an exclamation mark (or comma). and having no grammatical relation to other parts of the sentence is called Interjection. Secondary interjections (such as bless you, congratulations, good grief, hey, hi, oh my, oh my God, oh well, rats, and shoot) also belong to other word classes. The table below shows some interjections with examples. As the 18th-century philologist Rowland Jones observed, "It appears that interjections make up a considerable part of our language." What is an interjection? * See terms and conditions An interjection definition and why we use them. Definition and Examples in English Grammar, Ph.D., Rhetoric and English, University of Georgia, M.A., Modern English and American Literature, University of Leicester, B.A., English, State University of New York. As noted, interjections are more commonly used in speech, but you might also find yourself using these parts of speech in writing as well. Hardcover, First Edition edition, Pharos Books, September 1, 1989. They can be borrowed, however, to serve this secondary function. Biber, Douglas. These emotion words proceed punctuation marks, which are most often but not always exclamation points. And because they show up more frequently in spoken English than in writing, most scholars have chosen to ignore them. Indeed, a biography of the famed illustrator uses the phrase in just that way: Since interjections depend so heavily on how they are used in speech, the punctuation they take varies greatly, according to context, but they are usually followed by an exclamation point when standing alone or a comma when introducing a sentence. Alas! It expresses emotion of joy, sorrow, excitement, wonder surprise, pain, sadness, happiness, and so on. Here are 60 more interjection examples. Interjection words are generally used at the beginning of a sentence. e.g. Interjections for Authors Ahem– The sound of someone clearing their throat in an attempt to get your attention […] And that thought certainly deserves a loud and forceful Youwza! Examples Include: Nice! Farlex International, Inc. "The Farlex Complete English Grammar Rules, 2016: Grammar." Fabulous! You can see how most interjections tend to be followed by an exclamation point. They aren't marked inflectionally for grammatical categories such as tense or number. Read some of them: Hello, hey, hi, etc. An Interjection is a word that expresses a sudden feeling such as anger, fear, worry, joy, happiness, surprise, pain or pleasure or agreement with just a word or two. : The Story of Charles M. 97. Johnson, Rheta Grimsley. What is an interjection? The interjection can be anything from a greeting. Oh my, I knew I should have turned off the oven! Awesome! In your writing, it's up to you how you'd like to punctuate. The interjection definition and examples below will answer all these questions and more! In English, these interjectors are occasionally classified as function words: that is, they provide structure in support of nearby content words. Sometimes, it is used as a single word or non-sentence phrase and followed … The most widely used interjections in English include hey, oops, ouch, gee, oh, ah, ooh, eh, ugh, aw, yo, wow, brr, sh, and yippee. Bukupedia, June 16, 2016. they mean they don't want to taste, touch, see, feel, or smell something again. All Rights Reserved. Put another way, an interjection is a short utterance that usually expresses emotion and is capable of standing alone. (Emotion of joy) It is mostly seen in informal language. With the advent of corpus linguistics and conversation analysis, interjections have recently begun to attract serious attention. Article by 7ESL. "Longman Grammar of Spoken and Written English." Definition of interjection in the Fine Dictionary. An interjection is a part of speech that shows the emotion or feeling of the author. In English, these interjectors are occasionally classified as function words: that is, they provide structure in support of nearby content words. Aah - Used as a call for help or when someone is scared. The Story of Charles M. Schulz. Here are six basic punctuation rules you might want to review. interjection meaning: 1. an occasion when someone interrupts someone else, or the interruptions themselves: 2. a word…. Examples: Hurrah! Interjections ( ouch, hooray) We use interjections to express emotions such as pleasure, surprise, shock and disgust. Exploring Interjections: Definitions and Examples. Let’s begin by answering the question “What is an interjection” in broad terms. Using an interjection is a great way to bring life to a conversation. Actually, it is a brief and abrupt pause in speech for expressing emotions. Meaning of interjection with illustrations and photos. Good grief Charlie Brown! necessarily references some relation between the speaker and something that has just caused surprise to the speaker at the moment of the utterance. These words or phrases can stand alone, or be placed before or after a sentence. Interjections are small words that bear no grammatical connection with the sentences in which they are used. While we use many of the above interjections in our everyday speech, we don't necessarily yell them (as an exclamation mark tends to convey). Interjections are often used at the start of a sentence and after every interjection, comes a punctuation mark, like a comma. Interjections can be used to express various types of emotions such as happiness, surprise, sadness, anger and greetings. These words can be alone or may be placed before or after the sentence. We won the game! Similarly, the interjection "Ouch!" Boo - Used to scare someone or to voice disapproval. It often stands alone, and when it does, the word is generally followed by an exclamation point, as in Ohh! Unlike the comparatively straightforward denotations of other parts of speech, the meanings of interjections are largely determined by intonation, context, and what linguists call pragmatic function, such as: "Geez, you really had to be there.". We lost him. On such various types of emotions we classified them into different types. Are you serious? Put another way, an interjection is a short utterance that usually expresses emotion and is capable of standing alone. Interjection Definition and Examples. Types of Interjection. Hello! Oh, Wow, Hurrah, Alas, Ouch, Oops, Aha, Yahoo, Eww, e.t.c. An interjection is an exclamatory word (or words) that shows weak, mild, or strong feeling and has no grammatical function in the construction of a sentence. Interjection for Joy What is an Interjection. is used after interjections. Interjections are unique and have some interesting features: Interjections don’t have a grammatical function in the sentence construction. Examples of Interjection: Wow! Basically, the function of interjections is to express emotions or sudden bursts of feelings. They have no grammatical relation to the rest of the sentence. It can be used on its own, without being part of a full sentence. Many times, as within the examples of interjections below, you'll notice many interjections are followed by an exclamation point. Some of them are given below. Definition and Example Sentences in English An interjection is a short exclamation that expresses emotion. Adjectives, for example, are used to modify a noun or noun phrase. Interjection Definition and Examples Types of Interjection. Although classified as one of the eight parts of speech, an interjection can not be called a part of speech in the real sense of the term. Secondary interjectors are words borrowed from other parts of speech. Interjections usually stand apart from normal sentences, defiantly maintaining their syntactic independence. Congratulations! (No sirree!) Interjection is a part of speech in English language. You can define interjection as a word, phrase, or short clause used to express spontaneous emotion or general feelings. These interjections are uttered to greet someone. My research paper is late! Here are some examples of interjections and their definitions: Ahem - The sound of someone clearing their throat in an attempt to get your attention. An interjection, also known as an ejaculation or an exclamation, is a word, phrase, or sound used to convey an emotion such as surprise, excitement, happiness, or anger. But again, the primary interjection could stand alone—and be followed by an exclamation point—as in: The third example contains a secondary interjection Oh my God that stands apart from the second sentence, with the interjection and sentence both ending in exclamation points. 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