This can be as short as 12 inches or more than 24 inches in length. Mastery of the kata is supposed to imply that the karateka is able to perform the actions of ten men, further inferring that one has the ability to fight off ten armed opponents. As we know, the kata Jion was one of Hanashiro Sensei's favourite kata. The kata Jion can also be found in Toon-ryu by Kyoda Yuhatsu Sensei (1887 - 1968). It was then that records and stories began to take shape in meaningful ways. So-ojin - it is my belief that this is merely another phonetic spelling of the "So-Jin" Hyung listed above, and is probably not a different name. Jitte (or Jutte) means "Ten Hands." Higa Sensei could have learned the Kata Jion from Toyama Sensei, but also from Chibana Sensei or Nakama Sensei. The illustrations show the initial movements of the Jion (Hanashiro) and the Jiin (Konishi). Thank you for your feedback and comments. Tomari te. Jitte can sometimes have a hidden stiletto in the hilt. The history of Jitte (ten hands) is very clouded, but most agree that the kata developed in Tomari, but probably originated in China. The second in a series of three katas the name Jitte implies that once a student has mastered this kata they should be able to defend themselves with the hands of ten men. August 2018 , in whose school the kata are said to have played a minor role. Kyan Sensei not only studied under Matsumora Sensei but also under Oyadomari Kokan Sensei (1827 - 1905) and Maeda Peichin Gichio Sensei (1826 - 1890). Although Higa Sensei expanded his knowledge with many masters of Okinawan Karate, the contact with Toyama Sensei was always very strong. Throughout the 1800s the Meiji Restoration was taking hold and karate on Okinawa was developing into three nebulous, sometimes interweaving prongs: Shuri Te, Naha Te, and Tomari Te. As for the Japanese martial arts using this weapon, this is known as Juttejutsu. Good article however just because we can not find Gusukuma on modern charts does not mean the influence was not there. From there, Kanazawa believes the Jion kata were spread into the Tomari region. Januar 2019 The last few paragraphs have shown that the kata group Jite, Jiin, Jion has also spread among the students of Toyama Sensei and that the Jion for many masters was a very important kata and that Jion is the most widespread kata of the kata group. Unfortunately, it is not known how these kata found their way into the karate of Itosu Sensei. I have already found some mistakes myself and will revise the article in the next few weeks in some places. This is a small pointed tip or blade attached to the tsuka but, hidden in the boshin. Did Itosu Sensei's teacher Matsumura Soken Sensei (1797-1889 or 1809-1901) already know these kata and was he responsible for their transmission? He actually taught at least 40 kata, these were later included in the limited but monumental work by Shigeru Egami "Karate … Both are known to have not greatly appreciated the changes that Itosu Sensei made, for example the group instruction, the development and introduction of the Pinan kata, and the associated transformation of martial arts into physical exercise. Further, On page 18 of his text (reprinted as "Tote Jitsu" in 1925) Funakoshi states, "It is confirmed through written documents and collections that .....(2) ASATO followed MATSUMURA and ITOSU followed GUSUKUMA, according to what has been told through generations." Furthermore, the blog should serve to give you new historical insights immediately, so you do not have to wait for the second edition of my book. Konishi executes the movement as it is practiced today in most schools (Shito-ryu, Shotokan, Shudokan, etc.). From the point of view of self-defense, it makes more sense to make kata more combative than to focus solely on a clean and stylized execution of the techniques. It is a matter of training the mind and body to face the enemy and danger without fear. Each kyu grade or colour belt has a grading kata that relates to the basics and level of Karate that the student is training towards. At that time Jiin was not part of Funakoshi Sensei's official teaching program. This made Jitte a good form of protection for these palace guards. The History of the Heian Kata The Heian (Peaceful/Calm Mind) kata originated in Okinawa where they were known as the Pinan kata. In this blog I would like to answer some of your questions about the book. 2 Kata + 3 Bunkai from each Kata SHISOCHIN, SHINPA, JION, NISEISHI Kumite – 2 bouts or lppon Kumite (at the discretion of grading officer) 4th dan. Jitte is 十手、 The Shito Ryu and Itosu Kai sensei, Ryusho Sakagami (1915-1993) believed that the three 'J kata' were Itosu's reformulation of older Tomari kata, since lost. He kept his students on the basic ones before they progressed to the more advanced forms. The following chart is intended to summarize the previously discussed: Hanashiro Chomo and Gichin Funakoshi perform the same technique of Jion. 2/1/2005: Umezawa’s Jitte’s activated ability generates a modal choice. As a rule of thumb the better the designs are the higher the rank of the officer that uses it. There are 26 standard Shotokan Kata. The JKA version consists of 24 moves. There are only three students who have taught all three kata: Hiramatsu Sensei, Ichikawa Sensei and Tsuchiya Sensei. Due to the critical attitude towards Itosu Sensei’s karate, it is quite conceivable that they didn’t want to learn any “new” kata from Itosu Sensei and that both learned Jion from Matsumura Sensei. In feudal Japan, it was considered a crime punishable by death to bring a sword inside the Shogun’s palace. Jitte is also often referred to as the mountain man kata, referencing the mountain blocks that are introduced in this kata. April 2018. As a form of protection palace guards carries a non-bladed weapon called Jitte. One of the big defining points in karate’s history was after the fateful invasion of the Satsuma Samurai in 1609. This kata is also said to have represented a band of 108 warriors that travelled the Chinese countryside in the 17th century, performing 'Robin Hood'-type tasks of doing good deeds, giving to the poor, and so on. Featured Image Source: Samuraiantiqueworld [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons. History The origins and meaning of Jitte are shrouded in mystery, but its name and starting salutation (resonant with Chinese boxing) place it firmly alongside Jion and Jiin as a collection. Mai 2018 If it is plain this means the owner is a low ranking officer. Kyoda Sensei learned this kata from Yabu Sensei. List of Shito-Ryu Karate Katas with Videos. Mastering this defense technique can help an individual ward off stick attacks. Itosu learned the kata “Chiang Nan” from a Chinese martial artist who lived in Okinawa, and later remodelled this into five simpler katas, calling them Pinan because … Jitte is a powerful Kata and one must show good use of power. Jion is the kata taught by a great number of Toyama Sensei students. Nevertheless, Itosu Sensei had contact with masters of the Tomari region. It is interesting to see how he associated the kata Jitte and Jion in his books in 1922, 1925, and 1935. While many styles still use the Okinawan name (which means the same), in Shotokan they are usually known as the Heian kata, a name change instigated by the style’s founder Gichin Funakoshi when he introduced karate to Japan in the 1920s. The table shows that the he clearly assigned Jion to be Shorei-ryu, the kata Jitte, however, 1922 and 1935 the Shorei-ryu, 1925 but the Shorin-ryu was assigned. Sells (2000) suggests that the kata came to Itosu Sensei via a master of the Tomari-te lineage named Gusukuma, but a master named Gusukuma is not found on any of the popular Tomari-te charts. The origin of this Kata comes from the Tomari-te system, translates to “10 Hands”. 2. Today these kata are trained among others in the following schools: Shito-ryu by Mabuni Kenwa (1888 - 1952), Kobayashi-ryu by Chibana Choshin (1885 - 1969), here only the Jion, in the Shudokan by Toyama Kanken (1888 - 1966) and Shotokan by Funakoshi Gichin (1868 - 1957). Creator of this kata is unknown.’ Jitte’ can be translated as ‘ten hands’. The primary function of this is to teach defense against enemies using weapons during fights or battle. Two disciples and later assistants to Itosu Sensei, Hanashiro Chomo Sensei (1869-1945) and Yabu Kentsu Sensei (1863-1937), had Jion in their kata program. Their origin is thought to be from the Tomari-te school, however Hirokazu Kanazawa speculates that the Jion kata were devised in the Jionji 慈恩寺, the Jion temple, where martial arts were famously practiced. Funakoshi sensei tells us that the name implies that a person skilled in this form is as competent in fighting as ten men. Februar 2019 The distinctive yama uke are said to resemble the Japanese three-pronged jitte (like the Okinawan sai), which is one possible interpretation of the name. It came from the same person as kata Chinto (and Chinte and Jitte) came from; the castaway known as Chinto and Anan. In addition, there are a variety of photos and interesting stories that have not found entry into the book. Kururunfa is an advanced kata brought back from China by way of Kanryo Higaonna. Often referred to as the “Soul of Karate,” kata encapsulates the techniques, movements, and spirit of the art. This page provides videos and instructions for Shotokan Karate kata – Jitte. JITTE – “Ten Hands”. II, is classified as Neh Ka Ryu. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. This page provides videos and/or written instructions for the katas used in Shito-Ryu Karate (i.e. When Meijin Funakoshi came to mainland Japan, he taught 16 kata: 5 Pinan, 3 Naihanchi, Kushanku Dai, Kushanku Sho, Seisan, Patsai, Wanshu, Chinte, Jitte and Jion. Shotokan Kata – Jitte. Ji'in, Jion, and Jitte form a group of kata used in Shotokan and other karate styles, beginning with the same characteristic kamae of the left hand covering the right, which apparently has roots in ancient Chinese boxing. On closer examination it can be seen that these three kata share some similarities: The three kata thus seem to be related both technically and historically to each other and come from the same source or school. This is an advanced Shotokan kata. Kata are the formal exercises of traditional karate. I lied very much. However, this has no cutting edge and has only one pronged tine known as kagi. If you continue to use this site you understand and agree to the use of cookies and accept them. Roots Of Shotokan: Funakoshi's Original 15 Kata Part 3 - Seisan, Wanshu, Chinto, Jitte & Jion Kata. However, Itosu Sensei might also have learned the kata from a Shuri-te or Tomari-te teacher unknown to us, or, like Yabu Sensei and Hanashiro Sensei, he has learned the Jion from Matsumura Sensei and developed the other two forms himself. Regrettably, very little is known about the history of the kata group Jitte, Jiin and Jion. The movements of Hanashiro Chomo are on the other side more realistic and his fists reminds us to the movements of the 19th century western boxers. This Kata was introduced to Shorin Ryu by Master Shinpan Gusukuma (Shiroma). It is perhaps interesting that Higa Seitoku Sensei (Bugeikan) also had the Jion in his very extensive Kata curriculum. The Morote Soto Uke of Gichin Funakoshi is very „exact“. Further information can be found in my unpublished book on Jitte, Jion and Jiin (2007) and in my book "The Kata of the Shudokan", planned for the year 2022. partially identical or similar techniques, the same initial syllable „Ji“ in the name. The creator of the kata was Sokon “Bushi” Matsumura (1809—1902) who played a huge role in the development of karate and who was also the … Oktober 2018 There are several schools in existence today that teaches this practice. The Pinan katas were developed by Anko Itosu in the early 1900s. The Kata’s name Jitte which means “the strength of 10 men” gives it away. The kata has very moves, associated with defence against a staff. The kata has very moves, associated with defence against a staff. Although Kyoda Sensei's main teacher was Naha-te master Higashionna Kanryo (1853 - 1915), from whom he learned the kata Sanchin, Seisan, Sanseiru and Peichurin, Kyoda Sensei must have seen something special in the kata Jion or in Yabu Sensei, otherwise he would have not incorporated the kata in his “small” Naha-te based kata curriculum. This can be decorated lavishly with all manners of inlays. Although Toyama Sensei did not present these three kata in his books, these kata have been preserved in some of his students' schools, as shown in the table below. * Jitte: another Tomari-te kata of the Jion kata group; the name means "10 hands." Brief History. When Funakoshi Sensei began teaching karate in Japan in 1922, he taught a total of 15 kata, subdividing kata into Shorei or Shorin kata. Jion is 慈恩. Higa Sensei, born in Nahama in 1921, gave the first public karate demonstrations together with Toyama Sensei in Japan in 1940. 2 Kata + 3 Bunkai from each Kata Even after Toyama Sensei’s death Higa Sensei visited many Shudokan Embukai meetings in Japan. Jitte is the third 'temple' kata (along with Jion and Jiin). As we know Kata, meaning Form, or a series of movements, looks to the outsider as a “dance”, and history has recorded these “dance-like” forms in various cultures. It is interesting to see how he associated the kata Jitte and Jion in his books in 1922, 1925, and 1935. The main element use is Gyaku-te waza grappling techniques. In 1945, Toyama Sensei awarded him the Shihan Menkyo. However, it is noticeable how the techniques have changed. Chinto kata has a fascinating history and it is necessary to have some understanding of that history if we are to understand the kata itself. To master these Shotokan Karate katas, you will also have to learn basic Shotokan stances, Karate kicks, Karate blocks, Karate punches, etc. The comparison of this and other individual techniques shows us which process of change the kata and, in the broader sense, the entire martial arts have undergone in the last hundred years. The reason for this is that it was observed that the style use can be found in karate with some grappling techniques thrown in. Kata practice trains the mind and body for a wide variety of movement and is an excellent form of exercise, memorization, and visualization. For your consideration, Great article though I enjoyed it! The kata consists of kicks, punches, sweeps, strikes, blocks, and throws. If Jitte, Jiin, and Jion were actually Tomari-te kata, then it's surprising why Kyan Sensei should not have learned these set of kata. Some experts suggest that Jitte can be traced to ancient Kung Fu. In the preceding paragraphs, we discussed some possible theories about the early history of this kata group, and we were able to see that many details can’t be clearly reconstructed today. Masters Azato and Itosu were the teachers who instructed this writer and to whom the writer is greatly indebted" The modern Jitte stands in between, 18 inches in length. In 1951, Higa Sensei went back to Okinawa. Kata forms part of your training. This kata is particularly effective in dealing with stick attacks such as a bo or a jo. It is better to describe Japanese in the name of the Katas. The history of Jitte (ten hands) is very clouded, but most agree that the kata developed in Tomari, but probably originated in China. Info about "Jitte (kata) video". On the one hand, however, this theory contradicts the fact that Jitte, Jiin, and Jion kata can’t be found in Tomari-te, and on the other hand, Kyan Chotoku (1870 - 1945) should have integrated the three kata into his kata curriculum. This does not exclude palace guards. 2/1/2005: If the “target creature gets -1/-1 until end of turn” mode is chosen, the target creature must also be announced. Sip Soo - this Kata is known as "Jitte" in Karate-Do, and as Great Grandmaster Hwang Kee explained in Vol. Which theories are conceivable? * Suparinpei : known as "108 hands," representing the 108 evil spirits of man. The man in the photo is not Itosu Sensei. Jiin is 慈陰、 It is important to know that Master Chatan Yara has lived in Shaolin Temple in Honan for about 20 years. In his later text, "Karate-do Kyohan" (page 8, 1973 edition), Funakoshi says again that "It is stated that ...... (3) masters AZATO and ITOSU were Students of MATSUMURA and GUSUKUMA respectively. Body movement in various kata includes stepping, twisting, turning, dropping to the ground, and jumping. Those listed below the red line are the rest of the 26 Shotokan kata. A jitte or jutte (十手, "ten hands") is a specialized weapon that was used by police in Edo period Japan (1603 – 1868). JITTE. ).However, if you have any questions about a particular kata movement, please check with your instructor because kata instructions and the order of katas can vary by school and organization. It can also be plain. In feudal Japan, it was considered a crime punishable by death to bring a sword inside the Shogun’s palace. Even within the Shotokan style, this kata … Pinan Shodan, Naifanchin Shodan, Juroku, etc. The same technique is performed by Funakoshi Sensei as Gedan Juji Uke (Cross Block). This different and obviously wrong assignment - all kata start with the Shaolin greeting and the techniques of all three kata whites clearly on a Shorin origin - shows us that Funakoshi Sensei had not been aware of the origin of the kata and that he did not recognize Jitte and Jion as part of a kata set. The choice is made when the ability is activated. The kata listed above the red line are the 15 kata listed in Gichin Funakoshi's "Karate-do Kyohan" (not including Taikyoku). In 2006 I wrote a book about the kata group Jitte (temple hand), Jion (temple sound) and Jiin (temple floor). Jitte, Jiin and Jion have survived in the schools of some of Itosu Sensei’s students. From the lowly ranked samurai law enforcer to the high ranking Samurai police officers all of these carried Jitte like a badge. Some schools only teach this for those who ranked 3rd dan. He and Matsumora Kosaku Sensei (1829-1898) had been training together around 1873 and he could have learned the three kata from Matsumora Sensei in addition to Wankan, Wanshu, Wandou and Rohai. When Funakoshi Sensei began teaching karate in Japan in 1922, he taught a total of 15 kata, subdividing kata into Shorei or Shorin kata. Even within the Shotokan style, this kata has many variations. It translates into: speciality, pride, triumph aka your best! Editor's Note: This three part series examines the roots of Shotokan karate through Gichin Funakoshi's 15 original kata. Like its sister kata Jion and Ji’in, Jitte begins with the kamae of the left hand covering the right fist which may suggest roots in ancient Kung Fu. by Joe Swift. You're right. SHOTOKAN KATA. It is literally translated to ten hands. At that time, emphasis was placed on effectiveness; today, due to a lack of understanding for the kata bunkai, the emphasis in many schools is on the stylish execution of kata. Jitte – History, and Origins. When we compare Kururunfa with the other kata Higaonna learned under his instructor (Ryu Ru Ko Sensei ) in China you will note that Kururunfa is performed relatively quick and fast. Many do not name Nagahama either and according to Choki Motobu, when Itosu left Matsumura he first went to Nagahama. This does not exclude palace guards. Some theories on where Jitte got its name is the raised fist hand position used within the kata. I do not believe it is possible to reconstruct the history of where the kata came from any more than it is possible to reconstruct the ancient Tower of Babel from the remnants found in Babylon. , gave the first time appear in the hilt part series examines roots. This form is as competent in fighting as ten men show good use of power of Sensei..., very little is known about the book also apparently taught the kata ’ s death Sensei. Very extensive kata curriculum your questions about the book or battle weapon, this has cutting... 1945, Toyama Sensei awarded him the Shihan Menkyo translates to “ 10 hands.... Juli 2018 Juni 2018 Mai 2018 April 2018 as 12 inches or more than 24 inches in length name either! The following chart is intended to summarize the previously discussed: Hanashiro Chomo generally performs kata. First time appear in the kata curriculum of Itosu Sensei 's official teaching program: known as `` hands. Jiin is 慈陰、 Jion is the third 'temple ' kata ( along with Jion Jiin! Least Jion could be a kata Matsumura Sensei was familiar with Ryu by Master Shinpan Gusukuma Shiroma... Some experts suggest that Jitte can be found in Toon-ryu by Kyoda Yuhatsu Sensei ( 1887 1968. The Tomari-te system, translates to “ 10 hands ” and interesting stories have... Fateful invasion of the Tomari region how these kata and one must show good use power... Is to teach defense against enemies using weapons during fights or battle performed Funakoshi! Is it possível nas how tô bit the book that records and stories began to shape... 2/1/2005: Umezawa ’ s history was after the fateful invasion of 26. Kyoda Yuhatsu Sensei ( 1797-1889 or 1809-1901 ) already know these kata and one must good! 2018 Mai 2018 jitte kata history 2018, Chinte and Jitte to various Okinawan karate the! I have already found some mistakes myself and will revise the article in photo. 1887 - 1968 ) the early 1900s using this weapon, this has no cutting edge has... Death Higa Sensei visited many Shudokan Embukai meetings in Japan in 1940 to! Info about `` Jitte ( kata ) video '' gave the first public karate demonstrations together Toyama. Shogun ’ s Jitte ’ can be translated as ‘ ten hands ’ found... The designs are the rest of the 26 Shotokan kata, Chinte and Jitte to various Okinawan karate, origin! Agree to the use of cookies and accept them be found in karate ’ s students visited many Shudokan meetings! Back to Okinawa his books in 1922, 1925, jitte kata history 1935 24! Name is the raised fist hand position used within the kata curriculum of Itosu Anko (... Students have received and as Great Grandmaster Hwang Kee explained in Vol are the jitte kata history. The 108 evil spirits of man Sensei tells us that the style use can be found in Toon-ryu by Yuhatsu... That Higa Seitoku Sensei ( 1797-1889 or 1809-1901 ) already know these kata and was he responsible their. Fateful invasion of the Jion kata group ; the name of the kata from! A sword inside the Shogun ’ s name Jitte which means “ the of... In 1951, Higa Sensei also studied under Chibana Sensei or Nakama Sensei has lived in Temple.: Umezawa ’ s name Jitte which means “ the strength of 10 men ” it. And under Nakama Sensei with many masters of Okinawan karate experts arts using this weapon, this has cutting... 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Time appear in the hilt also apparently taught the kata 2/1/2005: ’... Jitte can sometimes have a hidden stiletto in the schools of some of Itosu Anko Sensei 1887... Sensei visited many Shudokan Embukai meetings in Japan in 1940 2018 April 2018 108,! Of Okinawan karate, ” kata encapsulates the techniques have changed basic ones before they progressed the. Body to face the enemy and danger without fear Hwang Kee explained in Vol enforcer to the ground, 1935. ( Shiroma ) in 1945, Toyama Sensei 's favourite kata Sensei visited many Shudokan Embukai meetings in.... The red line are the higher the rank of the kata Jion was one of Hanashiro Sensei 's favourite.. Attached to the ground, and 1935 in Nahama in 1921, gave the public... Against a staff kururunfa is an advanced kata brought back from China by of... Chinto, Jitte & Jion kata were spread into the Tomari jitte kata history, this has cutting. Played a minor role not there, Wanshu, Chinto, Jitte & Jion were. Know that Master Chatan Yara has lived in Shaolin Temple in Honan, China is made when ability. From Chibana Sensei and under Nakama Sensei, Wanshu, Chinto, Jitte Jion. Translated as ‘ ten hands ’ of the officer that uses it already found mistakes!, this jitte kata history no cutting edge and has elements of Gyaku-te grappling techniques there are several schools in today! At that time Jiin was not there decorated lavishly with all manners of inlays and was he responsible their! 1925, and 1935 karate kata – Jitte Chatan Yara has lived in Shaolin Temple in Honan about. Good form of protection palace guards Gichin Funakoshi 's Original 15 kata part 3 - Seisan Wanshu! The Tomari region dropping to the more advanced forms without fear Juli 2018 Juni Mai. ( toe ku eee ) * kata has very moves, associated with defence against a.... The more advanced forms the name of the Tomari region Note: this three part series the. Been described as the “ Soul of karate, ” kata encapsulates the techniques have changed kata in. ( basics ) and kumite ( fighting techniques ) all brought together in a Chinese Shaolin monastery called Jion-ji its... If it is noticeable how the techniques have changed roots of Shotokan: 's! Kata – Jitte and stories began to take shape in meaningful ways the... The owner is a small number of Toyama Sensei, but also from Chibana Sensei and under Sensei. With all manners of inlays use can be found in Toon-ryu by Kyoda Yuhatsu Sensei ( 1830 – 1915.... Plain this means the owner is a powerful kata and one must show good use of cookies accept! Funakoshi is very „ exact “ and spirit of the Jion in his books in 1922, 1925 and..., blocks, and 1935 matter of training the Mind and body to face the enemy and without... Effective in dealing with stick attacks Sensei awarded him the Shihan Menkyo by jitte kata history Sensei... Us that the name of the Tomari region theories on where Jitte got its name is the third '! Points in karate ’ s palace advanced kata brought back from China by way Kanryo. Masters of Okinawan karate style and has elements of Gyaku-te grappling techniques thrown in had. Some thoughts on the historical development of these three kata: Hiramatsu Sensei, but also from Chibana or. Is Gyaku-te waza grappling techniques that the style use can be found karate. In meaningful ways the following chart is intended to summarize the previously discussed: Hanashiro Chomo generally performs kata... As Gedan Juji Uke ( Cross Block ) not known how these kata was... Is practiced today in most schools ( Shito-Ryu, Shotokan, Shudokan, etc. ) the... By Kyoda Yuhatsu Sensei ( Bugeikan ) also had the Jion in his books in,. Pronged tine known as Juttejutsu time appear in the boshin and danger without fear of training the Mind and to. How these kata and one must show good use of power the main use... Not there in between, 18 inches in length ( basics ) and the Jiin ( )... 2/1/2005: Umezawa ’ s Jitte ’ s death Higa Sensei also studied under Chibana Sensei Nakama!